The following is a brief summary of the author’s conclusion. I have decided to “review” this work because:
- I have not posted in a rather long time;
- I firmly believe that the discipline of Systematic Theology can greatly benefit from serious work in Biblical Studies;
- The Christology of the New Testament, to put it mildly, is an extremely meaningful subject.
Here is my summary of Voorwinde’s conclusion:
- In the Gospel of John, the references to Jesus’ emotions are generally connected with his coming passion (2:17; 11:3, 5, 15, 33-38, 47-53; 15:13);
- The only pure human emotion Jesus displays in the Gospel of John are his tears in 11:35;
- Jesus’ emotions are frequently set in motion by what is best described as divine prescience (cf. 11:15, 33-38; 12:27; 13:21);
- The love Jesus displays in the Gospel of John is familial and covenantal. Hence, Jesus’ love is both human (familial) and divine (covenantal).
- The portrayal of Jesus in the Gospel of John is to be understood from a deuteronomostic perspective that allows one to understand Jesus as both “the Lord of the covenant” and “the covenant sacrifice” (267)
- Jesus’ displays of emotion in the Gospel of John are directly linked to soteriological concerns (cf. 20:31).
Voorwinde ends his work by stating:
[t]he complexity of his [Jesus’] emotions cannot be adequately accounted for by either a humanistic or a docetic Christology. As the covenant Lord he is portrayed neither as being withdrawn from his creation nor as being absorbed by it. Our study has shown that the Johannine Jesus became involved in this world at a deeply personal and emotional level. His love provides the motivation for the world’s salvation. This salvation is achieved – surprisingly and paradoxically – through the sacrifice of the covenant Lord” (269-70)