Thursday, September 14, 2006

Francis Watson on Romans 1:17 & Habakkuk 2:4

About a month ago, I began working through (something of an understatement!) F. Watson's Paul and the Hermeneutics of Faith. Thus far, I've thoroughly enjoyed it. While I've benefited greatly from pretty much everything I've read thus far, Watson's treatment of Habakkuk 2:4 and its relationship to Paul's citation of this text in Romans 1:17 has been particularly interesting.

Here are some of Watson's primary conclusions:

"Whether they think in terms of 'faithfulness' or of 'faith', the prophet and the apostle are at one in their assumption that emunah or pistis refers to the human response to the divine promise of definitive, eschatological saving action. The apostle's message is "gospel", in which human speech is the bearer of "the power of God unto salvation" to those in whom it evokes the response of faith (cf. Rom.1.16). The prophet likewise seeks to evoke a response in which the entire life of his reader is reoriented towards the future divine saving action of which he writes. His book begins with a despairing question about salvation: "YHWH, how long . . . shall I cry to you, 'Violence!', and you will not save?" (Hab.1.3) . . . From beginning to end, the book of Habakkuk is concerned with salvation . . . And it is concerned only with salvation . . . It is not concerned, for example, to address the problem of unrighteous conduct among the covenant people.
When Paul cites his proof-text in the form, "The one who is righteous by faith shall live", he shares with his scriptural source the conviction that all human life is to be lived in the light of God's final, comprehensive act of salvation. For Paul, the prophetic "by faith" entails the corollary, "not by works of law"; that, and not an explicit christological refernce, is the point he seeks to establish on the basis of Habakkuk 2.4, in order to bear witness to the radical priority of divine saving action even over the human action enjoined in the law itself (162-63)."

A chapter truly worth a careful read!

Tuesday, September 12, 2006

Detailed Structure of Ephesians 1:15-23

Here's my stab at a detailed analysis of Ephesians 1:15-23. For an explanation of the notation used here, see my post dated 8/16/2006.

For this reason → ORIENTER 1:3–14 (1:15a)
because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus → REASON 1:15a (1:15b)
and because I have heard of your love toward all the saints → REASON 1:15a (1:15c)
I do not cease to give thanks for you → RESULT 1:15bc (1:16a)
when remembering you in my prayers → TEMPORAL QUALIFIER 1:16a (1:16b)
that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ → CONTENT 1:16b (1:17a)
the Father of glory → ELABORATION 1:17a (1:17b)
may give you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation → CONTENT 1:16b (1:17c)
in the knowledge of him → SPHERE 1:17c (1:17d)
having the eyes of your hearts enlightened → RESULT 1:17cd (1:18a)
that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you → PURPOSE/RESULT 1:17cd (1:18b)
what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints → PURPOSE/RESULT 1:17cd (1:18c)
and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe → PURPOSE/RESULT 1:17cd (1:19a)
according to the working of his great might that he worked in Christ → ASSOCIATION 1:19a (1:19b)
when he raised him from the dead → TEMPORAL QUALIFIER 1:19b (1:20a)
and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places → TEMPORAL QUALIFIER 1:19b (1:20b)
far above all rule and authority and power and dominion → ELABORATION/RESULT 1:19–20 (1:21a)
and above every name that is named → SUMMARY 1:20b–1:21a (1:21b)
not only in this age but also in the one to come → TEMPORAL QUALIFIER 1:21ab (1:21c)
And he put all things under his feet → SUMMARY 1:19b–1:21c (1:22a)
and gave him as head over all things to the church → SUMMARY 1:19b–1:21c (1:22b)
which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all → ELABORATION 1:22b (1:23)